(Nite Flights, 1978)
Scott Walker’s late ‘70s return to songwriting amounts to one of the most compelling artistic reinventions in popular music. After nearly a decade of critical pans and commercial failures as a solo artist and with the reunited Walker Brothers, he took the news that label GTO would be going under as the Walker Brothers’ opportunity to indulge their whims on an anything-goes final album, with each songwriter contributing his own songs, “White Album”-style. Scott brought in four darkly brilliant songs with untraditional song structures, eerily fragmented lyrics, and a new approach to vocals that’s as much moan as croon. Seemingly inspired by David Bowie’s Low and “Heroes”, Walker took things farther afield compositionally than his contemporary and mutual fan. Seemingly in friendly response, Bowie would release the very Nite Flights-sounding “Look Back in Anger” on the following year’s Lodger and would record a version of “Nite Flights” in 1993. “The Electrician” is the most jarring of Scott’s Nite Flights songs, an oblique exploration of political torture and sadism. Beginning and ending with bass-led atmospherics and a double-tracked vocal that oozes queasily, the bridge is an elegant orchestral piece with a lead classical guitar. It wouldn’t sound out of place on Scott or Scott 2, but here it works entirely differently, as its atypically euphonious beauty signifies the perverse joy that the “electrician” finds in tending to his victims.
(Climate of Hunter, 1984)
Coming six years after Nite Flights, Scott Walker’s first and only solo album of the ‘80s shows him working in a similar vein, but with a more streamlined, rock-oriented touch. While none of the songs on Climate of Hunter register quite as strongly as “The Electrician” or “Nite Flights”, they cohere into an extended exploration of the sound, albeit with an era-appropriate gloss that dates it more than most of Walker’s solo work. Still, despite a few guitar and sax solos that sound lifted from an ‘80s film soundtrack, backup vocals by Billy Ocean and guest guitar by Mark Knopfler, and even a legit music video for “Track Three” (Walker left four songs on the album unnamed), you can hear Walker moving toward the fringe. The songs have the window dressing of the rock music of the time, but there’s something off about them. “Track Three” is a distinctive, unusually disorienting rock song, but the conventions of the genre sound crammed in, as if Walker were finding straightforward choruses and guitar solos bothersome necessities to getting his ideas across. On what was to come, he would fully ignore such formal requirements, but Climate of Hunter is an important transitional move, even if the result of that transition would take another decade.
Imagine you’re a Scott Walker fan in 1995. Aside from an obscure and uncharacteristic single released only in France, you haven’t heard any new Scott Walker music in over ten years. The first thing you hear when you put on his new album is a doom-laden drone followed by a newly powerful falsetto, reciting operatically: “Do I hear 21, 21, 21? I’ll give you 21, 21, 21…” If Walker’s Nite Flights songs and Climate of Hunter were art rock of a sort, Tilt, this is art something else, all of the identifiably “rock” traits having been subsumed into a more expansive aesthetic. This isn’t hyperbole—it’s not that Tilt is so thoroughly great that it transcends rock, but rather that large parts of it simply map to non-rock sources like John Adams operas more easily than they do prog, post-punk, post-rock, or the nearest comparison points in rock. “Farmer in the City” is an ideal opening track, a peek into the shadowy world of Tilt without most of the abrasive noise of the other tracks. Instead, Walker supplies the creepiness through an unsettling delivery and a set of suggestive lyrics partially about the death of filmmaker Pier Paolo Pasolini. The strings build around just a few central motifs—a farmhouse, the thresher, those recurring “21"s—and show that all of those years Walker spent refining his descriptive abilities on songs like “Big Louise” served him well. He uses them on Tilt not to create economically-rendered character sketches and narratives, but to load songs with provocative phrases that grab your attention, but evade easy interpretation.
(The Drift, 2006)
Despite another decade-long wait between album releases, The Drift isn’t the giant leap from Tilt that Tilt was from Climate of Hunter. Rather than more reinvention, The Drift is Walker refining the Tilt sound into something even more dynamic and bizarre. “Hooks” on the album include the deafening sound of a string section slowly descending, pounding on a wooden crate with a cinder block, and Walker inexplicably squealing “What’s up, doc?” like Donald Duck (presumably, Bugs Bunny would have been too predictable). Most infamously, Walker has a percussionist punch a side of meat for one section of “Clara”. It’s an attention-getting touch, certainly, but the gimmickry of it threatens to draw attention away from “Clara” being one of Walker’s most intriguing late-period recordings. Previously his longest song at nearly 13 minutes (Bish Bosch has one that runs over 20), it concerns the death of Clara Petacci, mistress of Benito Mussolini who chose to be executed with him. Violent imagery abounds (“This is not a cornhusk doll / Dipped in blood in the moonlight”), and the futility of Clara’s situation is embodied in a swallow trapped in an attic, but Clara and Benito’s relationship is depicted tenderly: “His strange beliefs about the moon / Its influence upon men of affairs… She’ll eclipse it with her head / Stroke him until he sleeps / Until he has nothing to do among men of affairs”. The Drift is defined partially by its juxtapositions, and few others are as unsettling as hearing Walker grant a hated dictator and his mistress their humanity as the musical textures simultaneously portray frailty and gruesome death.
(Bish Bosch, 2012)
The first song released from Bish Bosch, “Epizootics!” suggests that Walker hasn’t stopped tweaking his post-Tilt sound. Built on a mutant funk rhythm driven by the low tones of a rare tuba/sax hybrid called the tubax, Walker lets loose with a series of typically disconnected hipster slang as Hugh Burns and James Stevenson whammy bar their guitars out-of-tune in imitation of Hawaiian slack key (“Grandma Mabel was frightened by Hawaiians”, Walker sings in the opening line). The song turns on a piercing horn refrain and continually returns to a battering groove banged out on snare that transforms into finger-snapping beat poetry swing. It moves like no other Walker composition, and his strange sense of humor, long hidden in Joycean puns and obscure references, is built directly into the shift and bounce of the music. It’s an appropriate tone for an album named partially after Hieronymus Bosch, whose paintings, despite being religiously cautionary, often have the appearance of lightness and the playfully fantastic.