Today he’s considered a country legend, but that doesn’t mean Merle Haggard’s life has been easy. Dubbed “the poet of the common man”, Haggard’s early years were a rough n’ tumble combination of odd jobs and small crimes, which eventually led to prison stays and frequent visits to juvenile detention centers. Born in 1937 to a staunchly religious mother, Haggard experienced early trauma when his father passed away, causing him to act out as a teenager, robbing stores and frequently running away from the high-security boarding schools where he’d been sent. Although Haggard experienced a number of run-ins with the law, he still perused a musical education, which meant modeling a style from musicians of the day (Bob Wills, Hank Williams) and learning any instrument he could get his hands on. In fact, Haggard even witnessed Johnny Cash’s historic performance in San Quentin Prison, never mind the fact that he stood among the audience at the time.
But once the 1960s rolled around, Merle Haggard was on the way to becoming a bona-fide country superstar. After exiting prison, Haggard performed manual labor by day and sang in local clubs by night, eventually leading to dozens of #1 hits that commented on his tough childhood and protested certain long-haired liberal types (Haggard was a well-known supporter of the Vietnam War). Today, songs like “Okie from Muskogee” and “Mama Tried” are considered country classics while Haggard has gone on to release over 30 studio albums, each with varying mixtures of jazz, blues and folk. Fresh off of releasing I Am What I Am, his first studio output since 2007, Haggard sounds more at ease with himself than ever. PopMatters sat down with Haggard to talk about the state of country music today, his friendship with Johnny Cash and why he hasn’t liked a president since Ronald Reagan.
So I just listened to your new album, I Am What I Am. The title to me would indicate a new age of self-acceptance on your end. Would you say that’s accurate?
Well, you know, the album stands for itself. It is what it is. I am what I am. And I do what I do. Here it is. The response to (the album) has really been tremendous. So I’m really glad to hear you like it also.
I’m mostly intrigued by the last track. The lyrics describe a man who has finally grown comfortable in his body and is accepting of the mistakes he’s made.
Yeah, I might be a little bit more comfortable. I might have given in to the fact that you know; I have to be what I’ll be. I can’t really change it. I’m relaxed with myself. I’m comfortable with my own being.
And did your wife Theresa contribute?
Yeah, she works on stage with me. We’ve been together 24 years. And that’s twice as long as I’ve ever been with any woman. So looks like it’s gonna be a steady deal.
How was it working with her on this record?
You know music is a double-edged sword. It takes me away from her and sometimes that’s not good. But it also brings us together in ways that nobody else would understand. Actually singing together, actually harmonizing together, that requires some duel fault that might not exist in other marriages.
Well I see you’re set to play at the Stagecoach Festival pretty soon. How do you feel sharing a stage with the likes of say, Toby Keith and Sugarland? What do you think of that slick, overly produced country style that’s so popular nowadays?
Well fortunately, they don’t package a lot of us together. I’ve rubbed elbows with them from time to time at an awards show or something if I go. But it’s a different world. It’s an electronic world and a world of perfection, a world without much spirit. I think there’s some sort of soul to it, but there’s no chance of a mistake and no chance of hearing a breath, like you used to be able to hear Elvis breathe, you know? You just can’t hear anyone breathe; they take those noises out! So what you have is a bunch of perfect perfection, which is so boring to me. Songs without any melodies. Songs with one note being held out and a hundred chords played underneath it that don’t mean anything. It’s just songs without any message. What’s the mentality? What are they talking about? There’s no originality anymore. Everything is a copy of something else. I just wish we could hear somebody come down the pipe that sounded like they had something original. [For example], they could sing without a band. They could sit up there with a guitar and entertain the millions. Just them and their guitar. And the sad part about it is, the program directors in the world wouldn’t allow that!
I couldn’t agree more, actually. When I listen to country music, it’s almost exclusively stuff like Buck Owens, Johnny Cash, Patsy Cline and Hank Williams. Come to think of it, I’ve always thought that country music shares a lot in common with soul music. In the ’60s, soul was a real form of pop music. There was a big band sound with an audible pop purpose. And today, soul has morphed in to what we now know as R&B.
I’m with you. I love soul music, I love rhythm and blues, I love rock ‘n’ roll, I love the old rock and roll, the old blues, the 1940s, ’50s and ’60s. All that stuff is historical music that I have referred to in my life many times.
Well I definitely think I heard some ’60s jazz strains on the new album.
Well, that’s where I started, was on the guitar. I wanted to study jazz and country music, and I studied rhythm and blues and rock ‘n’ roll and all of the obvious guitar-type music that was available. Everything from Django Reinhardt to George Benson. You know, I studied everything I could hear — Grady Martin and Hank Owen and Luther Perkins and James Burton and Roy Nichols. People like that affected me and worked for me. I have a double reason for being here in this business. I’m trying to be a guitar player on one side of the track and a singer, entertainer and fiddle player on the other side of the track and a songwriter. And have some sort of business head about myself. There are many hats to wear there.
Would you say that your direct inclusion of jazz in your albums has come out a little later in your career as opposed to earlier?
I’m not sure I could nail that down for you. What’s it sound like to you?
Well I do sense a stronger variety of musical genres as the albums go on.
I think you’re right. What it is is, I had a long line of hits. We’ll call it a hot 25 years. After that big hit period was over, I started to explore, because it didn’t matter. I wasn’t really trying to follow a commercial line of any kind. I went out in a lot of different directions and some of them weren’t so good but some of them were. I just went and did what I wanted to do and kind of turned into myself, I guess.
Well it’s great when you can achieve that sense of confidence in a musical career.
Well, Willie [Nelson] said one time, “You know, if you go ahead and be yourself and somebody likes you, then you don’t have to change.” If you’re the real guy on stage, than you don’t even have to change clothes (laughs). If you do what you want to do, you can dress up only in Levis. Once you’re not pleased with yourself, but satisfied with what you are, then you can quit trying to be somebody else, I guess.
Well you do seem like someone with a lot of friends in the business, not to mention some you share a lot in common with. That said, I’m wondering what was it like to see Johnny Cash during his famous concert(s) in San Quentin. Was it particularly influential?
Cash was… I just liked him. We just liked each other and we liked each other’s music. And our families were both from Middle America, his being from Arkansas and mine being from Oklahoma. And we had several different things that were similar in our lives. He once said to me, “You know Haggard, you’re everything that people think I am.” And one time I told him, I said, “You know, you did the dumbest thing I‘ve ever heard you doin’.” And he said, “What was that?” And I said, “When you hired that piano player!” I said, “Johnny Cash with a piano player makes no sense at all.” I said, “What in the Hell do you need with a piano player?” And he took a long pause and looked at me and said to me, “Haggard, you’re the only man in country music uglier than me.”
Whatever you think Johnny Cash was, he was something better.
How’d it feel to hear that coming from Cash?
He was full of humor and he was a good guy. He was very emotional — very, very, very sincere. He was very religious. And had lots of skeletons in the closet. He didn’t like Johnny Cash. He didn’t like him at all. He fought that damn drug problem all his life. It was just one stage of withdrawal or another. And then he got into that pain period, the last eight or 10 years of his life. He broke his jaw in a surgery and he had a bone that was actually broken in two and would rub against itself and his jaw. He went to pain centers to try to find ways to relieve it. He went to hypnotists and tried everything to try to get over this terrible pain. And he fought that. When he finally died, I thought, “You know, the poor son of a bitch is finally out of pain.” And he really hurt. That song that he did called “Hurt”, I think the success of that was due to the fact that he was in so much pain.
Let me put it to you this way: Whatever you think Johnny Cash was, he was something better. And you would really be pleasantly surprised if you knew him. He’s the real guy.
When you moved from Oklahoma, I imagine you felt a lot of grief towards the fact that the dustbowl issue played a big part in the reason your family left. In fact, you could even say that the financial recession we’re dealing with today has a lot in common with the dustbowl. Farmers rape the land without tilling the soil, and Wall Street investors took advantage of our financial system without much regulation. What are your thoughts there? I know you’ve never really been afraid to speak your mind when it comes to politics.
Let me give you what I think. I think that this country went into a depression in 1929 and I don’t think it’s ever recovered. We recovered to some degree in World War II because of the economy that the war created. But then following the war there was a continuation of the Depression. People didn’t make no money, people didn’t have anything, our standard of living was not really good. So, a lot of things happened after World War II because all the soldiers came home and had to get jobs. So, they contaminated the earth, they contaminated the rivers, they cut down all the trees and they sold all the cars. Now, everybody’s got a car, all the trees are cut down, all the rivers are contaminated to a degree that we have to agree upon among ourselves so that we can continue to live in an overpopulated state of confusion. And we have not come out of a recession or the depression that we were in in the ’30s.
And you’re right about the soil; we’re doing the same things in different ways. So it all caught up with us. It caught up with us about 10 years ago. And we’ve been on a downhill slide. There hasn’t been a sincere president in office since Ronald Reagan. It’s not about Barack Obama, it’s about Barack Obama and George Bush and the other part of the regime. I think their hearts were in the right place, but I don’t think they have what it took to change anything. Ronald Reagan changed things. Things he did are still in place. If they weren’t still in place, we’d be totally gone. That’s where I’m at.
So do you believe that Obama and Bush have any political similarities?
I don’t see any similarities. We’re hanging a name on a condition. Both of them were in office during a world condition. We had the same condition the day (Obama) took office that George Bush had. It’s not about them but then after they take over and they start to make decisions and they drive the economy to an all-time low because of stupid moves… you know, somebody said, “You were for Barack Obama.” And I said, “I’ve been for every president that took office.” But then as they start to do things and the way they do things… you know, I don’t want to sound like Rush Limbaugh, but y’know, bowing to other kings and things of that nature, and the socialistic attitude and the decisions made since he’s been in office are not good. We’re whittling away at the Constitution.
Well in some ways the Constitution doesn’t hold up anymore. Some modifications should be made in the interest of achieving equal protection for all citizens.
In what respect? Name one.
Well, say you’re for employer-based healthcare. In that case, you also have to look at the changes in America’s production system. We don’t produce anywhere near as much as we used to. Instead, we import. The “traditional” 9-to-5 job is dying. So say you’re one of the many people who work contract positions or freelance. Doesn’t everyone deserve a fair shot at seeing a doctor without breaking the bank? Isn’t that something the government, as our “protector”, should provide?
So you’re for health care?
You think these are good changes that he’s made? Do you agree with the health care package he’s passed?
I think Obama has placed a lot of band-aids around a bleeding issue and bent over backwards for too many paranoid Republicans when what he should have done was nipped it in the bud. Universal healthcare, the public option, etc. Even though that may have also been even less realistic for us. I also sort of recognize that Obama’s package was the best he was going to get under the circumstances. So, what are your views?
Well, you got mine. You already know where I’m coming from. I just think that it’s a great idea, being able to give everybody health care. I love that idea. But how are we going to pay for it? How are we going to do that?
We’ve taxed people; we’ve killed all of the inspiration for entrepreneurs to thrive on. We’re not the inventors anymore, like you said. We’re only the shippers in this country. We’re not growing anything, they’ve shut down the Silicon Valley… we were 60% of the world’s grocery store and they’ve shut it down for whatever reason. They’ve shipped all the water to all of the swimming pools down in Hollywood. That’s the bottom line. I don’t care what the reasons are for it, but they’re shipping the water on top of Mount Whitney down to Los Angeles. Is their swimming pool water worth more than feeding 60% of the world? I don’t think so. There’s a lot of things like that that are occurring simply because they can occur and because there’s money involved. And the bottom line is that that’s the root of all of it — money. How much money can we make and how many people can we screw? How much water can we steal?
That’s always been America’s goal, in my opinion. Our priorities are way out of whack.
Let me just say this: we’re right up to the bottom lip of taking all we can take as a society on this earth. We’re overpopulated in every area. Everybody’s got a car, nobody’s got any money, and everybody is at a standstill, looking at each other saying, “What do we do next?” Well, I’m going to tell you what, there’s not much to do and there’s going to be a great collapse. And Wall Street will be right in the middle of it.