'Chi-Raq': SpIke Lee's Call to Consciousness

Chi-Raq draws from current headlines, hip-hop lyrics, Aristophanes, and Lee's own movies to forge a vibrant, propulsive saga of fury and hope.


Cast: Nick Cannon, Wesley Snipes, Teyonah Parris, Jennifer Hudson, Steve Harris, Harry Lennix, D.B. Sweeney, Angela Bassett, John Cusack, Samuel L. Jackson
Directors: Spike Lee
Rated: R
Studio: Roadside Attractions
Year: 2015
US date: 2015-12-04 (General release)
"Enough waiting for you lot of foolish men to do it. We, women, can wait no longer. And if you want to take your turn at shutting up and listening to our good advice, we’ll straighten everything out for you!"

-- Lysistrata by Aristophones

"Americans like war, they like guns." Lysistrata (Teyonah Parris) and Miss Helen (Angela Bassett) sit across from one another at a table, pondering the world around them. Lysistrata has arrived on Miss Helen's doorstep with her suitcase, in search of respite from the violence that overdetermines her life in Chicago. That respite is short-lived, as gunshots from the street send them ducking for cover in Miss Helen's carefully tended front room. Now, though very aware of their generational differences -- Miss Helen reads books and likes to garden, Lysistrata tweets and likes dancing, especially when her boyfriend, the rap artist Chi-Raq (Nick Cannon), is on stage -- they're determined to come up with some kind of response, a way to push back.

That response shapes all that follows in Chi-Raq. A Spike Lee Joint of exponential dimensions, the movie draws from current headlines and hip-hop lyrics, Aristophanes' play (411 BCE) and Lee's own movies to forge a vibrant, propulsive saga of fury and hope.

Of course, it's not just Chicagoans or Americans who like war. The movement that's named and initiated in this fictional Chicago extends almost instantly worldwide, via social media. The women drive the movement, by force of will and poetic, gorgeous energy. They gather and debate, they make their demands: they mean to withhold sex until their men lay down their arms.

Just so, the women's scheme begins and ends with their men -- not only their partners, but also their fathers and sons, lives lots and lives they must save. Even as men resist, insist on their need for territory and reputation and delusions of power, their flailing in the face of the strike, at once comic and tragic, makes clear the utter insignificance of their priorities.

That flailing is underscored by the chorus embodied by Dolmedes (Samuel L. Jackson), revisiting his role as Do the Right Thing's Mister Senor Love Daddy, speaking on street corners and in the barber shop, wise and observant and urging his listeners to pay attention.

It's also revealed in the men's many pronouncements and summits, called by gang leaders like Chi-Raq and Cyclops (Wesley Snipes), as well as by Mayor McCloud (D.B. Sweeney), Police Commissioner Blades (Harry Lennix) -- who oversees a typically militarized police force, with armored vehicles, SAWT teams, and assault weapons -- and the phenomenally ridiculous General King Kong (David Patrick Kelly). Yet, as much as the men try to keep hold of the narrative, calling each other out or to action and complaining of the women's "sexual terrorism", the film turns again and again to the women's efforts, their meetings and strategies, their manipulations of media.

Such manipulations comprise daily life, minute by minute. Chi-Raq offers a clever kind of road map concerning the simultaneous urgency and triviality of that life. From its opening scene, when a crowd gathered in a club turns ecstatic when Chi-Raq takes the stage, the event is propelled by social messaging, emblems of which hang on the screen. The end to that particular show is violent, but the shooters don't only pull out weapons, but also their phones, their threats and retorts to one another hanging on the screen, pulsing and silly, full of hyperbole and braggadocio, posturing in little blurbs even as their bodies lie bloody on floor.

Lysistrata and her team of burgeoning activities understand this too, having grown up texting. They know how to use media imagery, they play to TV and the Internet, they make their case public and gather support for the cause. Sometimes this sharing takes place in the street. Neighbors call out neighbors at the latest crime scene, standing behind police tape, calling on each other to feel responsible in the face of authorities' indifference. When Lysistrata is moved to seek out Miss Helen, a survivor who lost her husband to street violence, they find that they can share stories and find strength in their community.

So too, Irene (Jennifer Hudson), who loses her daughter early in the film, finds some solace in church. Amidst the mourning and the singing, the choreography and the beauty, Father Mike Corridan (John Cusack) offers a remarkably succinct breakdown of the economic and political intersections that produce what he calls "the life of a gun", its journey from factory to city street. As his congregation sways and sings and prays together, they represent a force that, if moved to action, might be formidable and commanding.

Chi-Raq imagines that movement to action, inspired by Lysistrata, as she and her many sisters embrace media and use their spectacular bodies to draw and maintain attention to the cause. As divisive as media can be -- and surely the sheer noise of cable TV and social media can be daunting -- their potential to transform is equally compelling and dramatic. As they see it, Lysistrata and Miss Helen can change the world.





How the Template for Modern Combat Journalism Developed

The superbly researched Journalism and the Russo-Japanese War tells readers how Japan pioneered modern techniques of propaganda and censorship in the Russo-Japanese War.


From Horrifying Comedy to Darkly Funny Horror: Bob Clark Films

What if I told you that the director of one of the most heartwarming and beloved Christmas movies of all time is the same director as probably the most terrifying and disturbing yuletide horror films of all time?


The 50 Best Songs of 2007

Journey back 13 years to a stellar year for Rihanna, M.I.A., Arcade Fire, and Kanye West. From hip-hop to indie rock and everywhere in between, PopMatters picks the best 50 songs of 2007.


'Modern' Is the Pinnacle of Post-Comeback Buzzcocks' Records

Presented as part of the new Buzzcocks' box-set, Sell You Everything, Modern showed a band that wasn't interested in just repeating itself or playing to nostalgia.


​Nearly 50 and Nearly Unplugged: 'ChangesNowBowie' Is a Glimpse Into a Brilliant Mind

Nine tracks, recorded by the BBC in 1996 show David Bowie in a relaxed and playful mood. ChangesNowBowie is a glimpse into a brilliant mind.


Reaching for the Sky: An Interview with Singer-Songwriter Bruce Sudano

How did Bruce Sudano become a superhero? PopMatters has the answer as Sudano celebrates the release of Spirals and reflects on his career from Brooklyn Dreams to Broadway.


Inventions Conjure Mystery and Hope with the Intensely Creative 'Continuous Portrait'

Instrumental duo Matthew Robert Cooper (Eluvium) and Mark T. Smith (Explosions in the Sky) release their first album in five years as Inventions. Continuous Portrait is both sonically thrilling and oddly soothing.


Esperanza Spalding and Fred Hersch Are 'Live at the Village Vanguard' to Raise Money for Musicians

Esperanza Spalding and Fred Hersch release a live recording from a 2018 show to raise money for a good cause: other jazz musicians.


Lady Gaga's 'Chromatica' Hides Its True Intentions Behind Dancefloor Exuberance

Lady Gaga's Chromatica is the most lively and consistent record she's made since Born This Way, embracing everything great about her dance-pop early days and giving it a fresh twist.

Love in the Time of Coronavirus

Street Art As Sprayed Solidarity: Global Corona Graffiti

COVID-19-related street art functions as a vehicle for political critique and social engagement. It offers a form of global solidarity in a time of crisis.


Gretchen Peters Honors Mickey Newbury With "The Sailor" and New Album (premiere + interview)

Gretchen Peters' latest album, The Night You Wrote That Song: The Songs of Mickey Newbury, celebrates one of American songwriting's most underappreciated artists. Hear Peters' new single "The Sailor" as she talks about her latest project.


Okkyung Lee Goes From Classical to Noise on the Stellar 'Yeo-Neun'

Cellist Okkyung Lee walks a fine line between classical and noise on the splendid, minimalist excursion Yeo-Neun.

Collapse Expand Reviews

Collapse Expand Features
PM Picks
Collapse Expand Pm Picks

© 1999-2020 All rights reserved.
PopMatters is wholly independent, women-owned and operated.