Featured: Top of Home Page

Protests continue over shutdown of Venezuelan TV station

Phil Gunson [McClatchy Newspapers (MCT)]

CARACAS, Venezuela -- Riot police clashed with thousands of demonstrators in the Venezuelan capital for a second consecutive day Monday, leaving several people injured, as protests continued over the closure by leftist President Hugo Chavez of the country's most popular television station, Radio Caracas Television (RCTV).

International condemnation of the shutdown also continued, with criticism coming from the European Union and the press freedom body Reporters Without Borders.

Robert Menard, secretary-general of Reporters Without Borders, said in Caracas that the decision not to renew the station's license was "political." Chavez has accused RCTV of being part of a conspiracy to destabilize his eight-year-old government.

Protests by students from several Caracas universities were dispersed by riot police firing tear gas and rubber bullets, leaving several students hurt. In the midtown Plaza Brion square, students and journalists kneeled in front of police with their hands in the air and eventually regrouped after the riot squad pulled back.

There were similar clashes in a number of other Venezuelan cities, and in Valencia four students suffered gunshot wounds. Unconfirmed reports said one had died.

In an interview with the government channel VTV, interior minister Pedro Carreno accused the opposition of mounting a plot against the government, devised by "the empire." Chavez frequently refers to the United States as "the empire."

Carreno said the demonstrators were using the RCTV case as a pretext, "to develop a plan for violence in the country."

"The government also has its plan," Carreno told the government TV channel VTV. "And it is working." He gave no further details.

Several journalists, producers and artists from the Venevision channel, owned by the multinational Cisneros Organization, joined the Plaza Brion rally to express their rejection of the shutdown. They included some of the channel's best-known anchors.

Venevision, which was once among the most openly anti-Chavez TV stations, now avoids criticizing the government. Its broadcasting license, which also expired Sunday, was renewed by the authorities last week.

Chavez "clearly overestimated his strength in this instance," said lawyer and political analyst Enrique ter Horst, a former U.N. deputy high commissioner for human rights. The RCTV closure, ter Horst told the Miami Herald, "has awakened sectors of society, such as the students, which had remained largely on the sidelines."

At RCTV headquarters, most of the staff turned up for work as usual Monday, according to news anchor Valeria Murgich. "Even though our eyes were swollen from crying and we felt angry and indignant."

Many staff slept on sofas and cushions at the station Sunday night, Murgich said, after an emotional final broadcast in which they sang the national anthem, prayed together and chanted "Freedom, freedom" and "No to the shutdown."

It remained unclear whether the station will find a permanent way to transmit its programs, now that its frequency has been taken away and its transmitters taken over by the armed forces for use by TVES.

For the moment, it is managing to get some news programs on air via its sister radio station, RCR, and the Colombian TV station Caracol, and also is using the Internet.

In a statement, the German presidency of the European Union "noted with concern" that the Venezuelan government had decided to allow RCTV's license to expire "without holding an open competition for the successor license."

The statement called on Venezuela to uphold the principles of free speech.

And at a Monday news conference, Menard called the shutdown "a serious violation of freedom of expression and a major setback to democracy and pluralism," and called on the international community to "defend what remains of the independent media in Venezuela."

The new government-run TVES channel, meanwhile, which broadcast its first day's programs, showed little sign of the "pluralism, diversity and freedom of expression" promised in its opening promo video.

A light diet of travel, cooking and arts programs was interspersed with frequent government propaganda spots, extolling the virtues of Chavez's social welfare "missions" and recent nationalizations of "strategic" industries such as telecommunications.

The principal challenge facing the new channel, according to media experts, is that it has to replace the country's most popular variety shows and soap operas with programs that attract an audience, while simultaneously meeting the government's demand for content that promotes "socialist" values.

According to TVES president Lil Rodriguez, speaking at the channel's launch, "We were sold as `popular culture' what was really the entertainment industry."

But when asked, in an interview by a Brazilian reporter, whether the opposition would be able to present program proposals, Rodriguez replied, "No, no -- imagine! We are going to promote Venezuela's cultural diversity, not its political diversity."





The Dance of Male Forms in Denis' 'Beau travail'

Claire Denis' masterwork of cinematic poetry, Beau travail, is a cinematic ballet that tracks through tone and style the sublimation of violent masculine complexes into the silent convulsions of male angst.


The Cradle's 'Laughing in My Sleep' Is an Off-kilter Reflection of Musical Curiosity

The Cradle's Paco Cathcart has curated a thoughtfully multifarious album. Laughing in My Sleep is an impressive collection of 21 tracks, each unapologetic in their rejection of expectations.


Tobin Sprout Goes Americana on 'Empty Horses'

During the heyday of Guided By Voices, Tobin Sprout wasn't afraid to be absurd amongst all that fuzz. Sprout's new album, Empty Horses, is not the Tobin Sprout we know.


'All In: The Fight for Democracy' Spotlights America's Current Voting Restrictions as Jim Crow 2.0

Featuring an ebullient and combative Stacey Abrams, All In: The Fight for Democracy shows just how determined anti-democratic forces are to ensure that certain groups don't get access to the voting booth.


'Transgender Street Legend Vol. 2' Finds Left at London "At My Peak and Still Rising"

"[Pandemic lockdown] has been a detriment to many people's mental health," notes Nat Puff (aka Left at London) around her incendiary, politically-charged new album, "but goddamn it if I haven't been making some bops here and there!"


Daniel Romano's 'How Ill Thy World Is Ordered' Is His Ninth LP of 2020 and It's Glorious

No, this is isn't a typo. Daniel Romano's How Ill Thy World Is Ordered is his ninth full-length release of 2020, and it's a genre-busting thrill ride.


The Masonic Travelers Offer Stirring Rendition of "Rock My Soul" (premiere)

The Last Shall Be First: the JCR Records Story, Volume 1 captures the sacred soul of Memphis in the 1970s and features a wide range of largely forgotten artists waiting to be rediscovered. Hear the Masonic Travelers "Rock My Soul".


GLVES Creates Mesmerizing Dark Folktronica on "Heal Me"

Australian First Nations singer-songwriter GLVES creates dense, deep, and darkish electropop that mesmerizes with its blend of electronics and native sounds on "Heal Me".


Otis Junior and Dr. Dundiff Tells Us "When It's Sweet" It's So Sweet

Neo-soul singer Otis Junior teams with fellow Kentuckian Dr. Dundiff and his hip-hop beats for the silky, groovy "When It's Sweet".


Lars and the Magic Mountain's "Invincible" Is a Shoegazey, Dreamy Delight (premiere)

Dutch space pop/psychedelic band Lars and the Magic Mountain share the dreamy and gorgeous "Invincible".


What 'O Brother, Where Art Thou?' Gets Right (and Wrong) About America

Telling the tale of the cyclops through the lens of high and low culture, in O'Brother, Where Art Thou? the Coens hammer home a fatalistic criticism about the ways that commerce, violence, and cosmetic Christianity prevail in American society .


Alexander Wren's "The Earth Is Flat" Wryly Looks at Lost Love (premiere + interview)

Singer-songwriter Alexander Wren's "The Earth Is Flat" is a less a flat-earther's anthem and more a wry examination of heartache.


Big Little Lions' "Distant Air" Is a Powerful Folk-Anthem (premiere)

Folk-pop's Big Little Lions create a powerful anthem with "Distant Air", a song full of sophisticated pop hooks, smart dynamics, and killer choruses.


The Flat Five Invite You to "Look at the Birdy" (premiere)

Chicago's the Flat Five deliver an exciting new single that exemplifies what some have called "twisted sunshine vocal pop".


Brian Bromberg Pays Tribute to Hendrix With "Jimi" (premiere + interview)

Bass giant Brian Bromberg revisits his 2012 tribute to Jimi Hendrix 50 years after his passing, and reflects on the impact Hendrix's music has had on generations.

Jedd Beaudoin

Shirley Collins' ​'Heart's Ease'​ Affirms Her Musical Prowess

Shirley Collins' Heart's Ease makes it apparent these songs do not belong to her as they are ownerless. Collins is the conveyor of their power while ensuring the music maintains cultural importance.


Ignorance, Fear, and Democracy in America

Anti-intellectualism in America is, sadly, older than the nation itself. A new collection of Richard Hofstadter's work from Library of America traces the history of ideas and cultural currents in American society and politics.

By the Book

Democratizing Our Data: A Manifesto (excerpt)

Just as big tech leads world in data for profit, the US government can produce data for the public good, sans the bureaucracy. This excerpt of Julia Lane's Democratizing Our Data: A Manifesto will whet your appetite for disruptive change in data management, which is critical for democracy's survival.

Julia Lane

Collapse Expand Reviews

Collapse Expand Features

PM Picks
Collapse Expand Pm Picks

© 1999-2020 PopMatters.com. All rights reserved.
PopMatters is wholly independent, women-owned and operated.