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Music

Rev. Sekou: In Times Like These

Photo: Cody Dickinson

A blistering batch of gospel blues, In Times Like These offers up social and political sentiments more relevant now perhaps than ever from that rare artist who truly practices what he preaches.


Rev. Sekou

In Times Like These

Label: Zent
US Release Date: 2017-05-19
UK Release Date: 2017-05-19
Amazon
iTunes

Where many artists take a political or ideological stand in song alone, their words little more than sloganeering, Rev. Sekou practices that which he preaches. Literally. Ordained at the Friendly Temple Baptist Church of St. Louis in the mid-1990s, he served not only as the church’s youth pastor, but also taught alternatives to gang violence at Steven’s Middle School and directed the Fellowship Center at the Cochran Housing Project throughout the decade. In other words, Rev. Sekou is deeply rooted in the movement for social change within his community. And that was just the beginning. In the intervening years he’s written thoughtfully on working with at-risk youth in St. Louis as well as religion and hip-hop’s place in modern culture. He has also continued his work as a pastor, serving at First Baptist Church in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Lemuel Haynes Congregational Church in Queens, Judson Memorial Church and Middle Collegiate Church, both in New York.

In the more secular realm, he has served on the National Political Hip Hop Convention Platform Committee, founded the local Interfaith Worker Justice Center in New Orleans after moving to the city to help it rebuild following the devastation of Hurricane Katrina. In 2010 he traveled to Bolivia and served as a delegate to the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, while in 2012 he traveled to the West Bank as a member of the Dorothy Cotton Institute Palestinian/Israeli Non Violence Project’s delegation of US Civil Rights Leaders. He was appointed Associate Fellow in Religion and Justice at the Institute for Policy Studies, and was a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University’s Martin Luther King Education and Research Institute.

It was around this time he traveled to Ferguson, Missouri, on behalf of the country’s oldest interfaith peace organization, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, to teach non-violent civil disobedience in the wake of the 2014 shooting death of Michael Brown. There he was arrested multiple times during the so-called Ferguson Uprising (he was subsequently found not guilty) while working to organize the community and participating in a sit-in at the Department of Justice.

With an ever-increasing list of social, cultural, political and ecological programs he either participated in or spearheaded on his CV, it’s little surprise that it wasn’t until 2015 that he began venturing into the realm of music as Rev. Sekou and the Holy Ghost. Together they released a single EP entitled The Revolution Has Come. Now, two years later, Rev. Sekou returns, with Luther and Cody Dickinson in tow, with his first solo release, the appropriately titled In Times Like These.

Given the Dickinson’s pedigree both individually and as members of the North Mississippi All Stars, it’s little surprise that the vast majority of In Times Like These is steeped in dirty, sweaty blues and gospel over top of which Rev. Sekou seeks to vocally embody the sentiments conveyed on songs like “Muddy and Rough", the title track and the blistering opener, “Resist". It is here that he quickly sets the stage for what is to come, opening with a fiery spoken-word passage not unlike that which opened D’Angelo’s Black Messiah. “No matter what you do, no matter what you say, you can lie on us, you can scandalize our names, we will not bow down!” Settling into a march-like gospel groove, the track conjures images of interlocked arms moving in unison in the face of social injustice and oppression chanting, “We want freedom / And we want it now!” over slashing slide guitar and New Orleans-style piano.

Taking to the musical pulpit, Rev. Sekou creates a mesmerizing fusion of modern blues and gospel to address the ills of society he has seen and experienced first-hand. As if reporting from the front lines of racial intolerance, his is a voice fraught with an intense urgency to push towards change. On the title track he issues the rallying cry of, “In times like these / We need a miracle / Ain’t nobody gonna save us / We’re the ones we’ve been waiting for.” It’s a powerful statement of self-empowerment, taking the oft-quoted axiom “Be the change you wish to see in the world” and making it real, viscerally literal and a powerful call to action in what are truly uncertain times.

“Burnin’ and Lootin’” takes the social injustices executed in Ferguson and St. Louis to church, calling to task the cops “dressed in uniforms of brutality” while also addressing the physical destruction wrought by those perhaps unsure how best to vent their escalating frustrations. It’s a complex series of ideas delivered as a surging minor-key gospel blues featuring some fierce slide work from Dickinson going hand-in-hand with Rev. Sekou’s fiery preaching. “Just like fire…in your bones / But nobody’s listening / You keep cryin’ / But nobody’s listening,” he concludes, showing his sympathies while also serving as a listening ear and a voice for positive change.

“If my blood’s gonna spill, let it be on the battlefield / We who believe in freedom cannot rest now,” he moans on “We Who Believe” over a martial snare, the sentiments a call to arms for those striving for change and those who desire change but perhaps spend their time shouting from the sidelines of social media and other virtual platforms that ultimately do little in the face of true physical action. “I’m gonna fly away / To a land where joy shall never end,” he practically shouts with the fervency of the preacher he has long been, the words increasing in volume and urgency as they are repeated time and again on “Old Time Religion".

Only on the Southern soul of “Loving You Is Killing Me” does he remain firmly rooted in the secular and apolitical. While a phenomenal track in and of itself, it feels more than a little out of place within this spiritually and politically-charged context (the spoken aside of, “Shit, I think we got a record” at track’s end doesn’t exactly help matters). It’s an extremely minor complaint given the overall strength and depth of Rev. Sekou’s work as a force for change both in the real world and here on record, especially given the triumphant closing track "Problems," which fills the listener with a sense of euphoric hope for a better future if we only try. It's a seriously uplifting closing statement that reaches the listener like the best of sermons.

In Times Like These is prescient in its contemporary urgency and cultural analysis, yet it could just as well have been written more than half a century or more ago given how little has changed as we as a country and society continue to claim great strides in forward progress. Now more than ever we need more artists and advocates for real change like Rev. Sekou. Let’s hope that his underlying messages throughout In Times Like These reach and resonate with the generation poised to do the most good in terms of affecting change.

8

Charlie Brown, Snoopy, and Woodstock each did their stint as a lonely Mexican cowboy, it seems. These and other things you didn't know about A Charlie Brown Christmas.

How Would You Like to Be the Director of Our Christmas Play?

It's really a beautiful little movie and has affected my life in numerous ways. For years, especially when we were poor, we always tried to find the littlest saddest Christmas tree possible. In fact, my son Eli has a Christmas tree set up right now that is just one single branch propped up in a juice bottle. And just a couple weeks ago we were at a wedding, everyone was dancing, and me and my wife Amy and my friend Garth started dancing like the Peanuts characters do in the Christmas special.

-- Comic artist James Kochalka.

Bill Melendez answers questions with the sort of vigor that men a third his age invest thousands in herbal supplements to achieve. He punctuates his speech with belly chuckles and comic strip taglines like "Oh, boy!" and "I tell 'ya!" With the reckless abandon that Melendez tosses out words like pleasure, it's clear that 41 years after its premiere, A Charlie Brown Christmas remains one of his favorite topics of conversation. "It changed my life," he states simply, "being involved with this silly little project."

Melendez celebrated his 90th birthday in November. "When I think of my last 40 or 50 years, I can't believe it," he says, capping off his comment with that inevitable one-man laugh track. The curly-mustachioed animator was born José Cuauhtemoc Melendez in Hermosillo, Mexico, in 1916. "I was literally a cowboy," he says. "From there, I crossed the border and started growing up. Just recently I went back, and when I got there I realized where my home was: across the border. When I was a little kid, I would have killed myself had I known such a thing was going to happen. I'm one of you. Whether you like it or not, I'm one of you."

Melendez recalls his blind leap into the world of animation as though the story's end still managed to catch him by surprise. "I was working in a lumberyard, and one of my mates said, 'Hey, I read in the paper that some guy up on Hyperion Avenue is hiring young guys like you who can draw.' So I went to this stranger and said, 'Hey, I understand someone here is hiring young artists.' The man asked me for my samples and I said I'd show them to him tomorrow. I went home that night and made the samples. I brought them in the next day, and he asked me what art school I went to. I'd never been to an art school. He said, 'Well, you have talent,' and he hired me to work in a place called Walt Disney."

Four years later, after lending his hand to Disney canon fodder like Bambi and Fantasia, and after fighting for his new country in World War II, he spent the next decade or so hunched over the drawing board, producing animated commercials and industrials by the thousands, including a number of spots featuring syndicated comic strip characters. Among them were the Peanuts characters.

Of all the Charlie Browns in the World, You're the Charlie Browniest.

I was around 10 when it first premiered, and seeing A Charlie Brown Christmas for the first time was enough to prove even to a young child that a well-written thing is superior to most of what is out there. I'll probably be watching it again tonight or tomorrow, because I have a copy of it and a six-year-old daughter. She loves it.

-- Comic artist Gilbert Hernandez.

By 1959 Charles "Sparky" Schulz's Peanuts kids found themselves at the center of their first print advertising campaign, pushing Ford's new Falcon make of cars. As the story goes, the idea of using Schulz's characters came from a daughter of one of Ford's advertising people.

"I think Sparky was flattered when they wanted to use his characters, says Schulz's widow, Jean, who now is one of the driving forces behind the Charles Schulz Museum in Santa Rosa, California. "It was a new way of extending his creativity. From the get-go Sparky always said a comic strip is a commercial venture. Newspapers put the comic strip in to sell newspapers. He would then bitterly say, 'No one considered comic strips art in the first place, so why would you get on your high horse about that?'"

When the time came for the characters to make their animated debut in a Ford commercial, Melendez was brought into the fold, and he brought along a cast of unknown child actors to voice the parts. The team reunited five years later, when Lee Mendelson, a filmmaker from San Francisco, requested two minutes worth of animation for a film he was shooting based on a Peanuts story line.

"I had done a Willie Mays documentary in 1963, A Man Named Mays, which had done really well," Mendelson says. "Then I was reading a Charlie Brown baseball strip, and the idea came to me: I've just done the world's greatest baseball player; now I'll do the world's worst." It's an old joke -- the same he used to open his 2000 coffee-table retrospective, A Charlie Brown Christmas: The Making of a Tradition -- but it's one for the ages. "Two years later Coca-Cola called, and I thought they were calling to do the documentary," Mendelson explains, "but they said, 'Have you guys ever thought about doing A Charlie Brown Christmas?' I said absolutely. And that's how I got in the animation business." His executive producer role on that film was the birth of a career now well into its fourth decade.

"So Lee called Sparky and said, 'Well, I just sold our Christmas show," explains Jean. "Sparky asked, 'What Christmas show?' and Lee said, 'The one we're going to write tomorrow." Sparky said, 'If we're going to do it, we need to have Bill.'"

Melendez was brought into direct, and as with the Ford commercial, he gave the parts of the Peanuts kids entirely to children, many of whom had never acted. Getting them to learn their roles was a trying task, given that Schulz's script had his characters regularly waxing philosophical and tossing off words like ailurophobia (a fear of felines, for the record). Melendez had to teach the young actors long portions of the script phonetically. "Sometimes they didn't understand a word," he remembers. "They'd say, 'Just tell me how you want it said.' Then they'd say it, and I'd turn to the engineer and ask if he recorded it. The kids were all startled when they got screen credit and happily startled when they started getting royalty checks."

Melendez's also tried to coach a voice actor for the part of Snoopy, whose lines were limited to a handful of non-words. "I recited Snoopy's lines for the actor, and the actor turned to the engineer and said, 'Did you record that? Just use what Bill has done. I don't want to repeat your words.' " This happy accident left Melendez playing the role of Snoopy and, later, his yellow bird companion Woodstock for the next 40 years.

For the film's soundtrack, Mendelson and Melendez embraced Schulz's love of jazz. "Driving back from Sparky's over the Golden Gate Bridge I heard a song called 'Cast Your Fate to the Wind,'" Mendelson writes in The Making of a Tradition. The song was written by Vince Guaraldi, a jazz pianist from the beatnik-dense San Francisco neighborhood of North Beach. It had won the musician a Grammy Award for best original jazz composition in 1962. Guaraldi enjoyed Schulz's script and happily accepted his invitation into the Charlie Brown Christmas fold.

This Doesn't Seem to Fit the Modern Spirit.

The one thing that has always bothered me about the Charlie Brown Christmas special is that the other kids never admit to Charlie Brown that he was right about the little tree. They ultimately accept the tree, but no one ever says, 'Well, Charlie Brown, I guess you were right all along. We were idiots.' However, it's still cool to see a mainstream children's program show that is so stridently nonsecular, which could never be done in this day and age. Linus gets some good face time with all that shepherd talk.

-- Pop culture critic Chuck Klosterman.

Beyond the inclusion of Schulz's cast of wildly popular characters, 1965's A Charlie Brown Christmas seemed a production earmarked for failure. The special's small crew was given a mere six months between the film's conception and its maiden broadcast. At his own insistence, Schulz signed up to pen the script, his first attempt at a screenplay. "He said that if he was going to get screen credit for something, he wanted to be doing something," says Melendez. "He was very proud and curious and didn't want credit where he didn't deserve it."

Despite the Ford commercials that gave birth to the collaboration, and Coca-Cola's strong sponsorship presence in the special, Schulz's script centered around a pensive Charlie Brown attempting to find the true meaning of Christmas. "The 1960s were when Christmas first began to start the day after Thanksgiving," says Mendelson. "There was an irony to this, given the commercialization of the comics. That wasn't really his doing. He said, 'If people want to buy stuff, that's up to them. I'm not in the business of making stuff and selling it. I'm in the business of making a comic strip, and if people want products, then so be it.' "

"We're all a little schizophrenic in that way," adds Jean Schulz. "You live in this world, and you despair. If you think at all, you're always wrestling with this. I think that's exactly what Sparky was expressing." The special opens with a characteristically distraught Charlie Brown, speaking to the perpetually blanket-wielding Linus on a snow-covered version of the brick wall, the bald third-grader's preferred location for vocalizing his ever-present inner despair. "I think there must be something wrong with me, Linus," he begins. "Christmas is coming, but I don't feel happy."

In case that wasn't enough to threatren the film's commercial potential, the producers added one final nail to the prime time coffin: Schulz's script called for Linus to deliver a subdued monologue at the film's climax, a word-for-word recitation of Jesus's birth, taken from the Gospel of Luke. "Bill said, 'You can't have the Bible on television!' Sparky said, 'If we don't do it, who will?' By the time that Coca-Cola and CBS saw it, they had no choice but to play it. They had nothing else to put in there."

What the roomful of executives saw upon the first screening was a shock -- a slow and quiet semireligious, jazz-filled 25 minutes, voiced by a cast of inexperienced children, and, perhaps most unforgivably, without a laugh track. "They said, 'We'll play it once and that will be all. Good try,' " remembers Mendelson. "Bill and I thought we had ruined Charlie Brown forever when it was done. We kind of agreed with the network. One of the animators stood up in the back of the room -- he had had a couple of drinks -- and he said, 'It's going to run for a hundred years,' and then fell down. We all thought he was crazy, but he was more right than we were."

I Never Thought It Was Such a Bad Little Tree

That show is probably the closest I've ever come to having any interest in religion. That part where Linus quotes from the bible is extremely touching and very deftly handled. I was raised in a nonreligious household, and that was a moment that actually had some religious significance to it just because Schulz expressed it so well.

-- Comic artist Seth.

Upon its airing, the special received a 50 share. The network immediately ordered four more films from the team. "We watch it every year to make sure that it actually happened. We thought it would be on one time and be gone," Mendelson says. "The message is simple. Schulz wanted to do a show on the true meaning of Christmas. Any good writer like Schulz deals in truisms and things that are timeless. There are themes about unrequited love and bullies. They work as well now as they did in the 1960s, and they'll probably work for another 50 or 100 years as well."

"I think it touches something in the viewer. We didn't do it on purpose, but there's something ethnic about it," Melendez adds. Schulz expressed his own surprise that the film found its way into the canon of holiday classics. "He would say things like, 'I never thought it would be around 25 years later,'" Jean remembers. "One of the reasons that Christmas is so great is that back in 1965 there were no VCRs or DVDs, so you saw that show once, and you had to wait a whole year to see it again. And when it came on, it still held up. It was still charming."

Forty-one years after its premiere, A Charlie Brown Christmas remains a towering if unassuming presence in holiday TV. It's an oasis of sincerity, managing never to be drowned out by its overzealous neighbors' rush to cross-promote themselves. It's a quiet testament to what children's programming could be: introspective, unpretentious and, above all, respectful of the intelligence of its target audience. "Children's programs were held in low regard by everybody -- including me," says Melendez. "But I realized that it wasn't just for kids. I was dealing with adults. They were giving me suggestions and criticism."

For a film with an anticommercial message, A Charlie Brown Christmas produced its own market bonanza. But it still suggests the spirit of its writer, who sensed the real magic of Christmas was not in the spectacle of lights, commerce and big aluminum Christmas trees, but in those fleeting moments of silence, which seem to become rarer with each passing day. "They weren't afraid to have quiet," Jean says. "Most of the time when the kids are walking, it's very quiet. We came out of a new animated movie one day, and Sparky said, 'I missed the quiet places.'"

Over the years, the Schulz-Mendelson-Melendez team created more than 75 half-hour television specials and four feature films, and five Peanuts films have been made since Schulz's death, in 2000, at the age of 77. Outside of the films, Peanuts continues to be an incredibly lucrative license for its owners, United Features Syndicate. "If Sparky had the volume of stuff crossing through the office that we have today, it would have driven him nuts," laughs Jean. "He probably would have walked through the office and said, 'We're cutting all of the licensing off. I don't want to do it anymore.'"

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